"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 11, Letter: I

I. H.

Photographed at Hall Place, Kent. The house was once owned by Sir John Champneys, Lord Mayor of London, in 1537.  This 17th century brick was in glass case and came from the building during it's recent restoration. IH being the brickmaker, photograph by Martyn Fretwell.

Igmanthorpe Hall

Probably: - Ingmanthorpe Hall, North Yorks.   Following an unsuccessful and extensive search for Yorkshire brickmakers with the initials I H (or H I) Philip Rothery came up with a probable and very credible answer to the mystery of where it was made.  I discovered the brick at a site close to Ingmanthorpe Hall and there is evidence of a clay pit in the vicinity so it is therefore likely that the brick was made at the Estate brickworks. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Thanks to Christopher Dixon for the photo.  Frank Lawson writes: from the brickworks of Sir John Harper-Crewe owner of Calke Abbey near Ticknall in Derbyshire. Janet Spavold from the Ticknall Archaeological Group adds: The initials stand for "John Harpur Crewe", this is Sir John who inherited in 1844 and died in 1886.  This brick will have been made under his ownership, so within this period; however, we do not know if the brickyard went on using the initialised moulds after 1886.  It was rather old-fashioned to use I for J by then; it is a usage that goes right back to the middle ages when there was no differentiation between the two.  It may be that it was used because it was simply easier to do the straight I than the curved J."

I R & M, Ardwick

A brick from one of the many small brickworks in the Ardwick area of Manchester during the 19th century. This one probably dates from the 1870s.  Photo and info by David Kitching.


The company was founded in 1825, changing it's name in 1899 to Ibstock Collieries, when it became a Limited company. The company still operates today from it's original site.  A full history can be read at this link.
http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/ibstock-brick-ltd-history/    Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell

Two modern bricks from the Ibstock Company, Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photos.

Another thoroughly modern brick, photo by Alan Murray-Rust.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell, from the Phil Sparham Collection. Ibstock Brick Leicester.

Ibstock commemorative sample or paperweight.  Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photos by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Ilkeston Brick Co.

  The Ilkeston Brick Co. is listed at Shaw Street, Ilkeston in Kelly's 1908 & 1912 editions & is shown on a 1913 map at the end of Shaw Street next to the railway. The National Archives records this company as being incorporated in 1907 & dissolved sometime between 1916 & 1932. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Ilkeston Colliery

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.

Martyn Fretwell writes: I Found this one on some waste ground near the site of the Bentinck Colliery (now an industrial site), Kirkby in Ashfield.  I believe it to be the Ilkeston Colliery Company and was made by the Oakwell Brickworks Ilkeston.  Ilkeston (Oakwell) Colliery Company was formed in 1874 from the Oakwell Colliery Company and landowner Rt. Hon. Edward Strutt, 1st Baron Belper plus other backers to work the Kilburn Seam.  Also see the entry for Oakwell.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.  Found in Mansfield, it came from some Victorian terrace houses which had just been demolished.

Found in Ilkeston by Alan Murray-Rust.

Impervit see Leeds Fireclay Co

Indbricks, Whittlesea

 The Independant Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1914 edition with Joseph Shepherson as secretary & office address of Queen Street, Peterborough. The works was in Whittlesea. Info & Photo courtesy of the Bill Richardson collection at Southwick Hall by Martyn Fretwell.

Indian Queen

Indian Queen Brick Co, Gaverigan SW928581. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Ingham Dewsbury

The front and back of an Ingham of Dewsbury brick, thanks to John Tibbles for the contribution.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Frank Lawson Collection.

Ingham, Wortley - see Wortley

Inkerman Brick Co.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Martyn Fretwell writes: The Inkerman Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1895 edition at St. Thomas', New Brampton. I have found from the Friends of the Inkerman website that bricks labelled IBC - Inkerman Brick Co. were used in the building of four cottages called Inkerman Cottages around 1895. In Kelly's 1899 & 1900 editions it now records this works as the Chesterfield Brick Co. Chesterfield Works, Ashgate Road, New Brampton, Chesterfield. This new company went into liquidation in 1901 and the brick making plant was sold at auction on the 20th May 1901. After which the site then became a stoneware pottery owned by Tom Heath, with it then becoming Ashgate Pottery in 1913.  this was owned by Tom together with a consortium of local businessmen. Today the whole area covering Inkerman Brick Works/Ashgate Pottery & the Wasp Nest Brickworks is Inkerman Park.


I N S O an insulating brick, photo by Mark Cranston.  Arthur Brickman adds:  Produced at the Adams-Pict Firebrick Works at Swalwell, (the site of the earlier Ramsay works on the River Derwent, a tributary of the Tyne and some three miles west of Gateshaed), these (INSO) insulating bricks were produced from a mixture of clay, sawdust and diatomite, (a soft, siliceous, sedimentary rock, easily crumbled to form a fine powder), and intended to form a secondary, heat retaining layer behind the actual firebrick.

J Ireson

Josiah Ireson is listed in Kellys 1898 to 1906 editions at Arthur Street, Kingsthorpe Road, Northampton. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Iris Pelaw

Arthur Brickman has added some history: A relatively well known Tyneside brick, about which however very little seems to have been written about. Yes, there was an Iris Brickworks at Heaton on the north bank of the Tyne, and I have a vague recollection of there having been a similarly named company in the Durham area. This example from Pelaw was probably produced at the Station Brickworks, and the likelyhood is that the two/three concerns were connected. However, I can confirm with some certainty that we're talking of a date around 1911 when our local 'Electric Theatre' was built, this item having once graced its facade. I may always be on the lookout for bricks, but when they come looking for you from a height of 50ft plus, that's a whole new matter - I could just picture my misspelled epitaph, Arthur Bricked-it!


A product of James Downing's, Defiance Brickyard, Chesterton.  Photo and info by David Kitching.


Found near Worksop by Simon Patterson.  Tony Mugridge adds:  A product of the Madeley Wood Company c.1870, (Madeley, Shropshire).

Isle of Walney Estates

Found at an old paper mill site at Barrow  in Furness. Photo by Richard Cornish. More information on this link.


Started by Arthur C. Itter in 1892 this works was on Peterborough Road, Whittlesea next to Itter Farm. After Arthur's death in 1910, the works was run by trustees until 1915 when Itter Limited was formed. In 1926 Itter Ltd was floated on the stockmarket as the Itter Brick Co. Ltd. & it was not long after that LBC became the major shareholders & controlled the company which was then wound up in 1936/7 with the works continuing under LBC. Info & Photo courtesy of the Bill Richardson collection at Southwick Hall by Martyn Fretwell.

Ivery: see entry for Wood & Ivery

Next page: English bricks, page 12, Letter J 
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