Made at Tamar Brickworks, Devon United Mine, Mary Tavey, Devon. Photo by Ian Castledine.
Tamar Firebrick and Clay Company
Opened in April 1871 after 20 acres of land had been acquired by Thomas Procter and Samuel Richards,a mining engineer. The company was registered with a capital of '20,000, shares being '2 each. In 1880 some of the products were used in the building of the Plymouth Public school. The works had closed down by 1887 when Charles Edward Appleby was the proprietor (or was it 1914). The company was restarted around 1918 with Thomas Hill as manager. Westbrick Co bought it in 1918 and it closed down in the same year (and closed in 1935 by which time, the name had changed to Tamar Brickworks and Potteries Limited . White firebricks and terracotta tiles were produced and latterly chemical stoneware. Clay came from a pit across the road and was brought in through an adit via a tramway. They used a Hoffman kiln with 16 compartments. All the works have been demolished and the clay pit backfilled. It is now the site of the Cox Park caravan site. Info by Frank Lawson.
The Walham brick works which was situated just off Sandhurst
Road in Longford, Gloucester, was run by Maria Tandy in 1881. Her nephew Frank Tandy was the proprietor in 1897 and continued to be listed at the Longford Works in Kellys 1897, 1902, 1906& 1914 editions. Info by Martyn Fretwell and David Kitching. Photos by Martyn Fretwell.
Photos by Alan Davies.
Could this be the office address of Taylors, Bury? Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
John Taylor is recorded in Kelly's 1860 edition to it's 1872 edition at Linthurst, Lickley, Bromsgrove. John is also listed in the Bromsgrove Trade Directory from 1865 to 1878 as brick & tile manufacturer & coal merchant at Newton Linthurst, Blackwell. From the two entries, John made bricks for 18 years. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell, with the information provided by Bromsgrove Library.
Richard Taylor first operated the Heath Brickworks, Saltley which was located next to the Birmingham & Warwick Canal & he is listed in Kelly's 1867 & 68 editions at Saltley. Richard Taylor then relocated to a new works on Washwood Heath Road in the 1870's. We then find that Richard Taylor was next in partnership with Edward Hales as Taylor & Hales & they are listed in Kelly's 1878 & 79 editions at the same works. Taylor then left the partnership around 1883 leaving Hales to carry on at Washwood Heath until 1905. Also see Taylor/Hales & Hales entries. A 1889 map showing the Washwood Heath Road works along with the many other brickworks in the Saltley/Garrison Lane areas of Birmingham can be seen at this link. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.
Richard Taylor & Edward Hales are listed in Kelly's 1878 & 79 editions at Washwood Heath. Taylor then left the partnership around 1883 leaving Hales to carry on at Washwood Heath until 1905. Also see entries for Edward Hales, Washwood Heath & R. Taylor, Washwood Heath. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.
Greave is a district of Bacup to the right of Todmorden Road a few hundred yards from Bacup centre. The works was operating in 1869. Found in Stacksteads. Photo and info by Colin Driver.
Taylor's Bricks ( Jericho ) Ltd, Smethurst Hall Brickworks, Jericho, Bury, Greater Manchester. Site operated 1870 - 1910 - Angus Glasgow.
Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.
Charles Goodman Tebbutt of Huntingdon, patented his safety bricks for stables, cattle markets, sheds, pens & yards on the 20th July 1884 in England & on the 12th April 1887 in the USA. His safety bricks were designed so man could walk comfortably without slipping & animals could stand or walk without slipping, with or without straw. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
The 1879 trade directory shows Telwright (sic) & Watkin as brickmakers in Cobridge, between Hanley and Burslem. I can find no subsequent reference to this business so it looks like a short-lived venture. Tellwright and Watkin were operating Cobridge Colliery in c1880 and Sandbach Colliery in 1882. In 1877 there was a brickworks adjacent to the colliery with three round kilns. By 1900 all had been cleared away. Photo and information by David Kitching.
Fred & Jack Henry, Temperley, Todmorden. Photo by David Kitching.
Spotted by Alton in Newcastle on Tyne.
Joseph Thackrah and Peter Peirce were both builders in Stockport, Cheshire in the 1860s. In 1865 their brickworks was on land between Turncroft Lane and Woodbank Park, Stockport.
Photo by Dave Crewe.
There are no trade directory entries for Thetford, but a brickworks is shown operational north of the town on the 1881 map & then marked as disused on both the 1903 & 1926 maps. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell.
Richard Thomas & Baldwins were a famous steelmaking company, their history may be read here. Crowle is near Scunthorpe in Lincolnshire.
Thanks to Michaela for the above photo.
Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Crowle Brickworks was adjacent to the Keadby Canal at Crowle Wharfe. During its lifetime it was in the hands of several owners including: - Crowle Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. : Richard Thomas & Co Ltd. : Richard Thomas & Baldwin Co. Ltd. : George Robinson : Oakland Brothers : Redbourne. The works finally closed in 1980. For a history of the works and further information visit: - http://crowle.org/?p=63
Made in Wellington, Somerset.
Photo by Nick Savage.
This was found at Teversal Notts and had the name in both frogs. The N is also the wrong way round. Thanks to Simon Patterson
Thompson & Beck are listed in Kellys 1884 to 92 editions at Fenton Park, Fenton Culvert, Stoke & then at Queen St, Fenton in Kellys 1896 to 1921 editions. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Museum by Martyn Fretwell.
The brickworks at Chilwell was first owned by Henry Thompson and he is listed in Kelly's 1881 edition through to it's 1908 edition when the entry is Henry Thompson (exors of). In the 1912 edition the listing is for William Thompson (possibly his son) Chilwell & William's entry continues until the 1941 edition. Date of closure is unknown. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell. Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.
E T Chilwell. Photo by Jeff Sheard, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.
Martyn Fretwell writes :- Further research has revealed that Edward Thompson owned the Chilwell brickworks before Henry Thompson who I have now found listed in Kelly's 1876 edition at the works. Edward Thompson of Breaston is recorded in a London Gazette article dated 2nd January 1866 stating that he had taken over the Chilwell brickworks on the 31st of December 1865 which had previously operated as J.G. Thompson & Company. This company had been owned by himself, John Garton Thompson of Chilwell & Richard Thompson of Chellaston, both of whom had retired from brickmaking. So Edward owned the works for around 10 years before Henry Thompson took over in 1876.
G. Thompson is listed in Kellys 1868 edition as brickmaking on Midland Road in Wellingborough. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.
Photographed at the Lion Salt Works museum in Northwich, Cheshire.
Photographed by Gwyn in the ruins of Penrhyn Quarry hospital.
Info about this brick can be read at this link & photographed
at the Lion Salt Works, Northwich by Martyn Fretwell.
Brickmaking in Northwich by Colin Edmondson
I have found out a bit about brickmaking on the River Weaver in the 1790's by way of the Labourer's wage sheets, which list the jobs done during the construction of a lock, Hunt's lock, in Northwich.
They initially brought brick to the site from their own brickworks, but once the excavation was underway and producing clay they made them on site. Tasks noted include excavating, levelling for brick, wheeling clay to brick, casting clay, wheeling brick to kiln, unloading coal, carting clods from the forest, wheeling casing, tending the bank (overnight). These seem to tell the tale of a clamp type kiln, possibly used to dry as well as fire the bricks, comments welcome.
They also unloaded limestone and broke it, built a kiln, fetched straw, cut thatch, sessed straw, thatched lime shelter, running lime. So they also made the lime for the mortar on site. A brick built lime kiln still stands near to my home.
There is a bit about Jabez Thompson's on the Lion Salt Works site, as they were owners of salt works as well. It is now the site of the ALDI store. The area of the clay pit disappeared underwater as a result of subsidence caused by uncontrolled brine pumping, I have recently written several booklets about the area and its salt mining past. The flashes were then used for tipping dredgings and later chemical waste, later still within bund walls, followed by use a the town tip, and have now been capped and landscaped and are known as Carey Park.
John Thompson was a Peterborough builder & contractor who opened three brickworks in the 1860's at Eye, Yaxley & south of Woodston in the complex of brickworks we now know as Fletton. These yards only operated on the summer basis taking men & boys on as & when required. Kellys 1869 edition lists John Thompson with his works on London Road, Peterborough. In 1874 Thompson became a director of the Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. & he sold his three works to this company. Raising share capital was always an uphill struggle for the company & the purchase of Tucker's Patent Kilns did not yield the output the company was after. There were plans to move to all year production, but this did not happen. The Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. with works at Eye, Yaxley & Woodston are listed in Kellys 1877 edition. April 1881 saw the end of the Peterborough Patent Brick & Tile Co. when their works & plant were sold to other brickmakers. There is no connection to the later Peterborough Brick & New Peterborough Brick Company's. Info from Richard Hillier's Clay that Burns book with T.D. dates & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Found on the Tweed estuary by Andrew Stuart.
M. Thompson & Co., Delaval Colliery, Scotswood, Newcastle
upon Tyne. A Tyneside firebrick which would appear to have been
exported extensively, however its origin is often
misappropriated, the initials 'M.T.&.Co.' being rather
vague. Originally produced at Ouesburn, a tributary of the Tyne
east of Newcastle', the company is later listed at Delaval
Colliery in Scotswood in the 1870's. This example, recovered
from the Tyne in the vicinity of those former works, bears the
'tiger-stripes', indicating the ebb and flow of the tide over
the intervening 100 plus years! Photo and info by Arthur
Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Found in Thorne - a suburb of Doncaster, by Frank Lawson.
Found by Tony Woods in Shipley, West Yorkshire. Derek Barker has added:
It is clearly a glazed fireclay brick and looks reasonably modern, say late nineteenth century. It also looks immaculate; I wonder where it has been? My first thought was that it could be a product of Thornton Fireclay. Their works in Thornton kept going into the 1960s, although latterly they specialised in salt glazed stoneware sewer pipes. However the mark on their house bricks was [THORNCLAY] and I've never heard that they had a presence in Shipley. An alternative suggestion is that 'Thornton' represents Israel Thornton of Wrose Brow brick-works.
In the 1870s the
proprietors of Wrose Brow were Messrs. Kitson & Woodhead
with Mr Israel Thornton (Cudworth 1876: 406). Simeon Kitson was
a local businessman and Jeremiah W. Woodhead was the son of
William Woodhead of Manor Potteries, Eccleshill. Israel Thornton
(b.1826) was a contractor of Undercliffe and then East Parade
who was originally in partnership with his brothers. He was the
contractor for All Saints, Horton. He may well have constructed
the Wrose Brow brick-works and seems also to be the land-owner.
Wrose Brow was originally run by Kitson & Woodhead but they
moved on to Wrose Hill. By the 1881 & 1883 Trade Directories
we find Israel Thornton, Wrose Brow, Windhill. Israel Thornton
was also a town councillor and it was suggested in the later
1870s that he influenced the awarding of contracts.
The West Yorkshire Archives have a plan dated 1873 (BMT/WN/W139) that purports to be the plan and elevation of Wrose Brow works. The plan is of a symmetrical structure with a central chimney and boiler house and two end projections consisting of machine houses and 5 double bays of 'patent ovens'. This design does not produce the structure that appears on the OS maps of the period, but does confirm that I Thornton owned a substantial property in the area. I can't trace him in trade directories after 1883; he died in 1890. [SUTCLIFFE] becomes the Wrose Brow mark (?1888-?1920) and then [SHIPLEY][BRICK]. There were brick-makers in Clayton and Bowling called Thornton, but 'Shipley' is a fatal objection to those.
Thornton Fireclays Ltd., Thornton, Bradford. Research by Derek Barker shows that the works does not appear on the 1921 OS Map. So it is possible that the Company was founded in the mid - 1920's. Salt glazed ceramic drainpipes and their fittings were also made and, despite some retrenchment in the mid - 1930's, firebricks continued to be made up to the mid - 1950's. After this time, concentration was focussed on drainage goods. This brick was found within the internal walls of a piggery at Denholme near Bradford. Image PRBCO.
Thurmaston Brick and Tile first appear in the trade directories in 1875 as Thurmaston Terra Metallic Brick and Tile Company run by Mr. H.T. Porter. The offices were in Halford Street. By 1891 they are listed as Thurmaston Brick and Tile Works with offices in Greyfriars Leicester and works at Thurmaston. The proprietors were A. C. Palmer and Co. Sometime just before the First World War they became part of En-tout-cas Ltd. Of Syston. Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.
Found in Worksop by Simon Patterson. Thurstonland is a village near Holmfirth, West Yorkshire.
Photo by Chris Shaw.
Tibbington Collieries and Brickworks Limited, Prince's End, Tipton. The business is listed in Kelly's directory between 1896 and 1904. The 1885 map shows a large brickworks with at least a 100' diameter round continuous kiln that has a
standard gauge railway line all around it. This was connected to the LNWR Stour Valley Line,
Princes End Branch. A tramway connects the Colliery site no. 8 with the brickworks. The 1901 map shows 6 rectangular kilns, 2 small round kilns, and the round continuous large kiln. There is an
article on a website that states the Tibbington Collieries & Brickworks sale of in 1912 but the works is shown on the 1913 map as disused with the round kiln demolished. Info and photographed at the site of Wolverton Carriage and Wagon Works by Nigel Furniss.
Photo by Frank Lawson.
Two brickworks & coke ovens were opened at the Tibshelf Collieries by Charles Seeley & Company around 1900. See also Sheepbridge Coal & Iron Co. Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.
Spotted at Caly Mills Pumping Station near Burton on Trent by Maurice Stokes
This is a product of the brickworks
of Richard Tilsley, Lodge Tileries, Trent Vale. He resided at,
High Grove, Trent Vale. The works appears in trade directories
between 1865 and 1870 but is absent in the 1873-74 edition.
Photo and info by David Kitching
Photo by David Kitching.
Spotted on the beach at Crosby, Merseyside
The Bradwell Wood Tileries were established in 1849 and operated under the Timmis name until 1924 when William Herbert Timmis sold the business to Samuel and Jabez Wilkinson.
Found in Barrow in Furness by Richard Cornish. Some works information.
Found at the ruins of the old American-owned "Swift Beef Company" plant in Puerto San Jul'an in southern Argentine Patagonia by Robert Runyard.
Another one that crossed the seas. This was found and photographed at a metal mine in Mina De Sao Domingos, Portugal by Paul Jones.
C S & H W Tinker, Hazlehead, Sheffield. Photo by Steve Horn who writes: Tinkers owned several coal mines in the Holmfirth / Penistone area and were involved with coke ovens and brick works at Hepworth Iron, Hazlehead.
See also the Hepworth Iron entry.
Photo courtesy of Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection, made in Sheffield.
Joseph Tipper, Spring Bank, Willenhall, Staffs. is listed in Kellys 1900 to
1912 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Info from a family web site - Samuel Barnett born 1855 was the owner of a brickworks at Titford & also one at Oldbury. So, Samuel could have been the founder of this company ? Info from the London Gazette records that the Titford Brick Co. Ltd. was wound up on the 14th August 1959. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Kellys 1876 & 85 editions records Charles Titley at 47, Eastgate, Louth, Lincs. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
George Henry Tomlinson is recorded in the 1881 Census as living in Gringley on the Hill aged 37. Born in Gainsborough in 1844 his occupation is given as brick manufacturer employing 10 men & 1 boy. George is listed as brickmaker in Kelly's 1881 to 1904 editions at Gringley on the Hill. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Tomlinson, reverse Ilkeston. Photo by courtesy of Derby Museums.
John Tomlinson & Son, Lyons Street, Sheffield. Kelly's Sheffield Directory 1893. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Found in Warwickshire by Darrell R Buckley.
Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Tomlinson & Harpur, Rowditch Brickworks, Derby are listed in Kelly's 1855 edition. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.
An alternative spelling, seen at Cawarden reclamation. Photo by Nigel Furniss.
No info. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Found at Cockburnspath, Berwickshire Scotland, which is an awfully long way from Kent!
Kelly's 1902 edition lists the Torbay Brick Co. at Collaton St. Mary, Paignton. The 1904 map shows the Torbay Brickworks by name & there are two more works named Collaton & Clayland, all clustered around Clayland Cross. The 1938 map still shows all three brickworks. There is also a National Archives reference to the Torbay Brickworks operating a semi-plastic plant between 1933 & 1940. Today the former Torbay brickworks site is the local Council Depot on Borough Road. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.
Photo by Andrew Florey.
Photo by Tony Lowton.
Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photos.
Tow Law Fire Brick Works (J Pickard mngr.) Dan's Castle, Tow Law, Durham Kelly's Durham Directory 1858. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
On the reverse frog is stamped BURNLEY. The colliery worked to
1948, and was situated along with the brickworks adjacent to the
Todmorden to Accrington railway line, on the southern flank of
Burnley by Towneley Park. Image PRBCO.
Townsend, Hargreaves and Barlow were colliery proprietors as well as brickmakers. The brickworks was in the Greave area of Bacup.1865 to 1870. Info by Colin Driver.
George Traunter, Queens Road, Manchester, stocks & fancy bricks. The Morning Chronicle, 9th February, 1859 records that brickmakers George Traunter & Samuel Williams of Cheetham, Lancs. had dissolved their partnership, so this brick will have been made after 1859. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Seen in a garden near Shrewsbury by Mike Shaw.
Photos by Mike Shaw, who writes: I can find no suggestion that they ever ran a brickworks but they have been major local builders for about a century, I wonder if they had brickworks produce named bricks for them?
White's 1844 edition lists John & Edmund Tricker as brickmakers in Little Cornard, Sudbury, Suffolk. 1844 was also the year Edmund died. Kellys 1865 edition records Mrs. Mary Ann Tricker (Edmund’s wife) as brickmaker at Little Cornard, Sudbury, so it was probably in the 1860’s that this brick was made. The works is next recorded as being owned by Henry John Seger in Morris 1868 edition. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.
This massive brick was found in Stourbridge. Photo by Benjamin Jones
Made in Redhill, Surrey. Photo by Richard Symonds. Link to history of brickworks.
G Tucker & Son Ltd, Loughborough, Genuine Handmade. Found near Epperstone, Notts by Frank Lawson.
Found by Martyn Fretwell. Tucker's later became part of the Butterley Co.
Made in 1888, Photographed at Cadeby Reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell.
Found in Wolverhampton by Simon Patterson.
Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found near Thurgarton.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell
Found at Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, between Nottingham and Leicester by Alan Murray Rust.
John Tomlinson writes (July 2011): we have found a large number
of these bricks at the National Trust Quarry Bank Mill
site in Styal, Cheshire. The Trust acquired the kitchen
garden, which dates from about 1810, in August 2010. The bricks
were found there - and one has just turned up in an on-going
archaeological dig looking for a melon house.
The name is on the end of this brick & was a trade name belonging to G Tucker & Son Ltd, Loughborough, which was taken over by Butterley/Hanson in 1964. This could be a post 1964 example. The Multiruf trade name is still used & made by Hanson at it's Desford Works in Bagworth, Coalville, Leics. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Photographed in situ in a 1963 built bungalow by David Haslam.
Found by Mark Cranston in Fife, Scotland along with other Tucker bricks.
Photo by Richard Thorpe.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Presumably not enough room to fit the E on the end! Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo. A brand name of G Tucker (see entry above).
Found at Teeside Iron & Steel Works by Rod Lavan.
Tudor was a name used by Crossley of Middlesbrough. This example by Percy Crossley was found by Jo Crossley.
A product of the Tunstall Brick & Tile Co, Newfields, Tunstall. which is only listed in the 1889-90 Keates trade directory. Photo and information by David Kitching.
The Industrial Museum at Bradford was recently asked to identify an example of this brick which was seen at Portsmouth Naval Dockyard. The image here was taken, with permission, from the Kent based Wallwork Family website which contains many beautiful photographs of artefacts and examples of natural history. It can be found at: http://www.wallwork.me.uk/index.html. The Tunbridge Wells Museum have since confirmed the brick was produced by the High Brooms Brick and Tile Works who were in business 1885-1968. Thanks to Derek Barker. More info here.
Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Ancaster, Lincs.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Photo by Frank Lawson.
Frederick Turner is listed as brickmaker in Lavenham in Kellys 1892 to 1900
editions. Info & Photographed at the Museum of East Anglian Life by Martyn Fretwell.
Thomas Turner's Swindon Tile & Pottery Works was in Drove Road, Swindon he purchased the clay pits, brick, tile and pottery works in what is now the Queen's Park around 1875. The works continued in production until after 1900.
Not a brick but a 6 inch pipe found on Turton Moor. Started life as Turton Moor Brickworks in 1868. Then in 1893 as Turton Moor Sanitary Pipe Co. Ltd. - Charters Moss, Egerton - Sanitary Pipe & Plastic Brick Manufacturers. In 1901 it became Darwen Sanitary Pipes Ltd. Closed 1911. Photo and info by Colin Driver.
Whiston and Huyton are between St Helens and Liverpool.
Found in Hasland, near Chesterfield by Simon Patterson. Tim Lawton writes: I believe the brick was made at the Twentywell Brickworks located in Bradway, Sheffield, adjacent to the railway cutting off Twentywell Lane. From what I can glean from the old ordnance survey maps, the works was in operation from at least 1875 through to the 1950s (maybe later). Interestingly the works seemed to manufacture stoneware also. Malcolm Adlington adds: Twentywell closed in 1939, but wasn't demolished until the late 1950s or early 1960s
photo courtesy of Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection
Photo by Alan Murray-Rust.
This works, opened in about 1867, was situated in the north-east corner of the crossing of the railway at Twywell station by the Kettering to Stamford road. Built by Thomas Walters, an iron ore proprietor in the area, the yard was probably acquired by P. Phipps and Co.Ltd. (the Northampton brewers) about 1873 when the Newbridge Iron Co. acquired the ironstone interests. By 1888 there were several kilns at work but by the middle 1890's the yard had closed. Information supplied by Barry Ford and the picture was taken by his wife Annie Ford.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.
This brick was discovered during recent works on the Bosley locks on the Macclesfield Canal. It was manufactured at the Klondike Brickworks of J & M Tymm in Rose Hill, Marple. The works was opened in the 1880's and remained in production until 1913 when the site was sold to Marple Urban District Council. Thanks to David Kitching.
The front and back of a Tymms brick. Found by Frank Lawson in Chinley
Found on the Tweed estuary by Andrew Stewart.
Info at this link. Photo courtesy of the John Baylis Collection by Martyn Fretwell.
The United Brick Co. Ltd is listed in Kelly's 1914 & 16 edtions at Lattersley Fields, Whittlesea with the office in Cowgate, Peterborough. Info & Photo courtesy of the Bill Richardson collection at Southwick Hall by Martyn Fretwell.
This was a colliery in the Wakefield area. The Upton Colliery
Company was formed in 1923
and the pit closed in 1966. Like so many collieries it seems to have had its own brickworks.
Thanks to Derek Barker for the info.
Made at Usworth
Colliery near Sunderland, thanks to Bill Richardson.
Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.
Utopia bricks were made by the Aldridge Brick and Tile Company. Utopia's were particularly popular in the construction of air raid shelters, due to their extreme hardness. There were three plants, which did engineering bricks, hand made and blue bricks. The firm closed in 1965, and Aldridge was taken over by the Ibstock Brick Company. Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell, found in Derbyshire.
Peter J Davison (Brickworks of the North East) attributes the initials "V L " to Vane - Londonderry with works at Pensher & West Rainton. The Marquess of Londonderry whose family name is Vane was a major industrialist in the Durham coalfield and owned several collieries and associated brickworks. Info by Frank Lawson.
Albert Henry Vass is recorded as Brickmaker, living at Ingarsby House, Uppingham Road, Leicester around 1905. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Whites 1890 edition lists Eli Vassar as brickmaker at New Walsoken, Wisbech. Kellys 1892 & 96 editions records Eli Vassar with the address of 47, Norwich Road, New Walsoken. Then in Kellys 1904 edition the entry is now Ernest Vassar, Ferndene, Norwich Road, New Walsoken. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
At the Park Pit site brickmaking recommenced in 1937 after the closure of the Poynton collieries. A private company, the Poynton Brick Co. used shale from the colliery tip to make bricks using an open topped kiln of the Scotch type. In a 1939 trade directory the works is described as run by the Vernon Brick Co., and soon after was taken over by J & A Jackson. The machinery was situated in the old colliery power house and the bricks with "Vernon Poynton" on the face could still be found in the press until the works was demolished in the early 1970s. The plant was electrified in 1956 and the kiln had a top put over it, but production ceased in 1958. Maximum output was 65,000 bricks per week. Thanks to David Kitching.
Photo by Ian Castledine.
Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.
George Henry Verrall produced bricks at his Dullingham Ley works near Newmarket from 1880 to 1900. G.H. Verrall is listed in Kellys 1883, 88 & 96 editions as brickmaking at Dullingham Ley & in the 1883 edition as residing at Sussex Lodge, Snailwell Road, Newmarket. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
This intertwined E.J.A. Verwood brick was made by E.J. Adams & he is listed in Kelly's Dorset 1911 edition at Verwood Station, Verwood, Dorset. The next entry for this works is Verwood & Gotham Brick & Tile Co. The Verwood Station, Verwood in Kelly's 1915 edition.
Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Photo by Frank Lawson.
Found near Papplewick pumping station in Notts. by Alan Murray-Rust.
John Beddow & Sons is recorded as making blue & red bricks, pipes & tiles at his Victoria Brick & Tile Works, Aldridge, Walsall in Kelly's 1896 edition through to 1912 edition. Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Victoria Garesfield Colliery near Rowlands Gill, Tyne & Wear. The colliery brick-works started c1875 and closed 1928. After that the seggar clay from the mine was sent down to the Lily Brickworks at Rowlands Gill and thereafter all bricks had Lily on them. They were more orange in colour with a slight glaze. Info by Angela Lee.
This is a later brick c1880 which the brick houses in Victoria Garesfield were built with. This one comes complete with thumb print - there are some with a cat's paw on! VGC also produced some with a curve on one end - used around the windows and doors and an extra long one with no name on - used as a wall tie on the off-shot pantry. The main part of the houses were built 3 bricks thick.
The brick works closed c1928 and production was then at the Lilley brickworks in Rowlands Gill and those bricks stamped Lily. Photo and info by Angela Lee.
Studley is a village near Stratford-on-Avon, photo by Ray Martin.
The Victoria Works, Wareham was also known as the Sandford Works & production at this works first started around 1850. I have found two entries in Kelly's Brick & Tile section for this works. The 1880 listing is Sandford Cement, Artificial Stone, Brick & Sanitary Pipe Co. Ltd, Walter Mantell manager, Sandford Works, Wareham, Dorset. The 1895 listing is Sandford Pottery Co. J.H. Shaw proprietor, Sandford Pottery, Wareham, Dorset. The pottery closed in 1966 & the site is now a housing estate. A photo of a similar brick to this one is shown a BBC web page as being made by Sandford Pottery. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
Link to photos of the works.
The Vigo Brick Company was named after Vigo House and area just off Bedford Road in Northampton. A brickyard was in operation there in 1830. Maps of 1847 show two 'L' shaped kilns and an early circular downdraught kiln. In 1877 the name changed to Vigo Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. By 1881 a large rectangular continuous kiln had been installed, and by 1901 there are three circular downdraught kilns clustered around the continuous. A further change in title to the Vigo Brick, Tile, Land Investment, and Advance Co. Ltd. comes by 1894. The works closed shortly after 1910 and the site became a tannery.
Trade directories would suggest G. VInt & Bros, Green Lane, New Wortley, Leeds1877. Found at Fulneck, Pudsey, West Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.
Found in a reclaimed roofing yard near Aberdeen by Ian Suddaby.
A modern firebrick, photo by Martyn Fretwell.
Charles Vining is listed at his brickyard in Lower Kingston, Yeovil in trade directories for 1830 and 1842 after which his son Richard continued the business for a while. Info by Bob Osborn who has written more about Charles Vining. Photo by Brian Murless, archivist of the Somerset Industrial Archaeological Society. More information about brickworks in Yeovil can be found on Bob Osborn's website.