"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks - page 5, Letter: C

Ca to Ch: below

      Ci to Cl        Co to Cu

John Caddick & Son Ltd.

John Caddick & Son Ltd., Spoutfield Tileries, Brick Kiln Lane, Hartshill, Stoke. Kelly's Staffordshire Directory 1888 - 1940. Originally operating as Wheatley and Caddick operating at the Spoutfield Tileries. The partnership was dissolved on 25th March 1886 when Samuel William Wheatley retired. The business was carried on by John Caddick on his own account. It was incorporated as private limited company 29th July 1909. John Caddick-Adams was the managing director of John Caddick & Son until its closure in the 1980's. Horseshoe was its trade mark. Information by Frank Lawson.

J Caddick & Co, Bloxwich

Joseph Caddick & Co. are listed in Kelly 1876 edition at Sneyd Lane, Bloxwich, Walsall. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


A company in Newark, Nottinghamshire, whose history may be read here. Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo

Made by Cafferata & Co. of Newark, Notts. From the Phil Sparham collection, photo by Frank Lawson.

R. Cail, Gateshead

One of Tyneside's most successful, if lesser known Victorian entrepreneur's, Richard Cail rose to prominence as a contractor on many of the regions early railways, having previously been apprenticed to a Newcastle' builder. The secret to his success would appear to have been control of the supplies to his various businesses. As a Freeman of Newcastle' he was exempt from duty on imported materials, owned quarries at Sunderland and operated Gateshead's South Shore Brickworks. However, by the time of his death in 1893 reference to his interests begins to wain, with the Gateshead works having disappeared from the OS by 1898. Examples of his bricks are therefore rather few and far between, a testament to his engineering skills in that many of the structures he supervised are still extant. Photo and information by Arthur Brickman.

D Caird, Barrow

Found at the burnt out remains of the House of Lords (sic) working mens club in Barrow.


Tony Mugridge has this info:  Cakemore was a Black Country brickmaker who specialised in Staffordshire blue bricks and pavers I have two in my collection - both pavers and Cakemore bricks were used for much of the bridgework architecture on the Grand Union Canal through South Staffordshire.  More information on the company on this download, pages 14 to 17.

David Kitching adds:  Cakemore brick works near Rowley Regis. The South Staffordshire Blue Brick Co was registered on 28 October 1887, to take over the properties of the Cakemore Blue Brick Co. This paving brick was seen on Charlotte Street in Birmingham.

A Cakemore blue paver brick found on an old green lane around Towcester by Nigel Furniss.

C B B - Cakemore Blue Brick. Photo by David Kitching

Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.  Patricio Larrambebere writes from Argentina:  B.A.y R. represents Buenos Aires and Rosario Railway, a railway company in Argentina of British origin.

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thornburn Collection.

Found in the River Esk near Dalmore Mill, near Penicuik, Midlothian by Ian Suddaby.

Calder Fireclay Co.

Calder Fireclay (E J W Waterhouse & Son) of Elland, W.Yorks.  Found at Carlton, Lofthouse, W.Yorks by Frank Lawson.


Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.  Tony Mugridge writes:  California Brick and Tile Works - Hollinswood (now Telford) The works was demolished in the early 1970's and part of Telford Town Centre occupies the site. The works produced red stock bricks and roofing tiles and it is believed that this was where the Blockley family had their works before they opened their brickworks at Trench (Telford) in the 1890's, where Blockley's Brick still operates (now part of Michelmersh Holdings, plc).

California - Also see Thomas Bennett, Derby

Callender Electric

This brick was made for/by Callender's Cable & Construction Co. Ltd, Erith, London  before 1945, when it became British Insulated Callender's Cables (BICC in 1975) as a marker brick, to warn you that electric cables are buried in the ground below.  Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Cambric & Cambridge

The Cambridge Brick Co. is listed in Kelly's 1892, 96, 1904 & 08 editions on Newmarket Road, Cambridge.   Info & photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Frank Lawson.


Camerton Coal and Firebrick Company, Greengill Colliery brickworks, Camerton, Cumbria. Sited 6km ENE of Workington. Site operated late 19th century to 1950s - Angus Glasgow. Image PRBCO.

This one is spelt Camrton, found by Malcolm Smith by the River Derwent

Canal Works, Stoke on Trent

A product of George Woolliscroft's Canal Tileries in Etruria.  Photo and info by David Kitching.


Believed to have been made by Candy Tiles in Heathfield, Newton Abbot, thanks to Chris Williamson for the photo.

Canning & Co, Cambridge

 No Info - Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Cannock Chase Colliery Co.

The Cannock Chase Colliery Company produced bricks at various sites until production was centralised in the 1920s to the west of No.9 & 10 Collieries at Hednesford. The works was developed to a capacity of 8 million bricks per annum in the 1930s but the average production in the 5 years ending in 1932 was only 5.75 million bricks. Under the NCB the works was further expanded and c1974 was taken over by the Butterley Brick Company. It has since been closed. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

Cannock & Rugeley Collieries

Cannock & Rugeley Collieries had extensive brickworks at Wimblebury Colliery, Littleworth This was established in the 1870s and was producing more than 1 million bricks a year in the 1930s, mainly for use in the Company's own collieries. Production continued into NCB ownership. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Cannon St, Hanley

The Cannon Street Brick Company operated from its central Hanley works during the last quarter of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It appears in trade directories for 1912 but not 1921. Photos and information by David Kitching.


Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

The Clock House Brick Company Ltd was founded c.1933 to exploit a rich deposit of high-quality Weald Clay to the south of the Surrey village of Capel. The outbreak of war in 1939 was bad news for brickmaking, as housebuilding effectively ceased and the workforce was swallowed up by conscription. Although there was some demand for bricks to be used in military engineering projects, there was little use for the high-grade ceramic blocks made at Clock House. By 1941, the Company was in liquidation and sold the majority of its share capital to the London Brick Company (LBC) to avoid closing the works. In 1945, the Company was wound up for good and the works were acquired by the LBC. Under LBC, production was substantially increased to meet demand from the recovering housing market and in the 1960s the factory was rebuilt to accommodate more efficient production methods.

London Brick was acquired by Hanson PLC in 1984 the works was refitted shortly afterwards to produce multi stock bricks under the Butterley and Capel brand names. In 1998, Clockhouse Bricks were used by three major exhibitors in that year's Ideal Home Show and by 2000, Clock House was be Hanson’s main soft mud production site, making around 42 million bricks per year.

In March 2009, Hanson announced a 'phased closure programme' which began later that month and led to the loss of 61 jobs.

Photo by Guy Morgan.


Carbis China Clay & Brick Co Ltd SX001596. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Carbofrax: see Carborundum Co Ltd

Carborundum Company Ltd

Carborundum Co. Ltd., Trafford Park Manchester. An American Company which established a factory in Manchester 1913. Abrasive, refractory and crucible materials. Trade Names: Carbofrax; Alfrax; Carborundum Brand; Aloxite Brand. Photos and info by Mark Cranston.


English China Clay Sales

West of England Co.

Made at Carloggas Brickworks SW958551. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.


The Carleton Brick Co., Carleton, Pontefract is listed in Kelly 1897 / 1901. West Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.

Carlton Main

Another company still in business today, located near Barnsley, South Yorkshire.

Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Carlyle, Dudley

John Carlyle is recorded at Oxford Street, Dudley in Kelly's 1860 edition, then in the 1870 & 72 editions at Kate's Hill, Dudley, followed by the entries at Rowley Road, Dudley in the 1876 to 1888 editions. With me checking maps, I think that Rowley Road was same works as Kate's Hill.  Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Carnaby, Coxhoe

This example was manufactured at Ralph Carnaby's Cornforth Brickworks in Coxhoe, County Durham. The brickworks is shown on Ordnance Survey mapping published in 1861 (surveyed 1857), but is absent from the map of 1898. I haven't found many other references to this brickworks, other than an article dated 1858 that describes Ralph Carnaby as an insolvent 'shipowner, manufacturer of fire clay goods and bricks, common brick and tile manufacturer, and general merchant'. However, Carnaby is listed as an agent to the Hetton Colliery Company in a trade directory for 1858, rather than a brick and tile manufacturer, suggesting that he may have ceased producing bricks by that date. With this in mind, I suspect that the brick dates to the mid-nineteenth century.  Photo and information by Ian Miller.

Carr (William Henry)

William Henry Carr is listed as brickmaker at Leiston, Saxmundham, Suffolk in Kellys 1888 edition to Kellys 1925 edition. The 1926 revised OS map no longer shows the works only the remains of the clay pits. Carr owned two more brickworks, one was on Suffolk Road, Ipswich & this works is listed in Kellys 1896 & 1900 editions. The other, Valley Brick Works, Foxhall Road, Ipswich is listed in Kellys 1900 & 12 editions. The 1924 OS map no longer shows the Valley Brick Works, but the Suffolk Road brickworks is still shown. It is unknown if Carr still owned this works in 1924 as his last T.D. listing for Suffolk Road is 1900. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

This brick came from a 1932 built house in Felixstowe. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

G Carr

Made by George Carr, listed at 3 addresses in Attercliffe Road area of Sheffield between 1875 and 1904.  Info and image PRBCO.

H Carr & Co.

Found near Amble by John Jackson.

John Carr

Found by the River Tyne, Newcastle by Mark Cranston.  John Carr & Sons, Low Lights, North Shields, Northumberland.  Kelly's Northumberland Directory 1894

The Low Lights Pottery was established in 1814 by Nicholas Bird. In 1829 it passed to Cornfoot, Colville and Company (later Cornfoot, Patton and Company). When Cornfoot retired and John Carr became a partner, the name was changed to Carr and Patton, and then Carr and Company. When the business became the property of John Carr, he and his sons carried it on as John Carr and Sons. When Carr took over the business at North Shields, John Patton took over the Phoenix Pottery in the Ouseburn, Newcastle. Carr made brown and black wares and ordinary wares. In 1856 these were discontinued and replaced by ordinary white earthenwares printed, lustred and painted. They were exported to the Mediterranean, Egypt and the Far East. Carr also made terracotta vases and articles for the building trade. The pottery was abandoned between 1890 and 1901 when the company concentrated on firebrick manufacture. The last directory entry for the firm at 44 Low Lights was in 1907-8. Info by Frank Lawson.

Front and back of a John Carr brick.  These were used to build the Percy, Warkworth and Alnwick Avenues in Whitley Bay which were built on land sold in 1898 by Lord Algernon Percy, the Duke of Northumberland.Photos and info by Sue Nicholson.

T Carr

Made at Scotswood between 1828 and 1881 found in an exposed culvert on the Lanchester Valley railway walk about 8 miles west of Durham. Photo by Gordon Hull.

Photo by Michael Gibson.

Carthy, Rugeley

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley.  David Carthy is recorded at Brereton Road, Rugeley in Kelly's 1892 to 1900 editions. The Brereton Road works is then listed as being owned by Carthy Brothers in the 1904 & 1908 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

William Case

William Henry Case is listed in Kellys 1892 edition at Rippon Hall Farm, Hevingham, Norwich. Kellys 1896 & 1904 editions record the partnership of William Henry Case & Thomas Goold at the Rippon Hall Farm brickworks. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Cashmore's, Warwick

Photo by Alwyn Sparrow

Cashmore & Son, Builders.  Found near Leamington Spa by Nigel Furniss.

Castle (Walsall)

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley by Martyn Fretwell

Photo by David Kitching

Photos by Ray Martin. The Castle Brick Works was in Birchills, Walsall, just off Upper Green Lane,
and first appears on the 1902 OS map with five rectangular kilns. In 1924 it was operated by J Griffin, Jones and Company, and in 1940 it was the Castle Brick Co. The works seems to have closed and been swallowed up in
extensions to the tube works by the early 1950s.  Info by David Kitching.

Castle Donnington

Photo by Peter Harris.


Thanks to Simon Patterson for the above photo.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

It would appear that there were two different Castleford Brick Companies. The manufacturer of this brick is listed 1897- 1912 and the brick was used in the works of the Aberford Railway, which principally shipped coal from the Garforth Collieries to a coal depot at Aberford on the Great North Road. A later Castleford Brick Company, with works at  Glasshoughton, is listed as a branch of the Yorkshire Brick Co., 1922 to 1965.

Catchpole & Co., Rotherham

Found near Rotherham by Bob Gellatly

Cattybrook, Bristol

Thanks to John Biggs for the photo, found in the remains of Southmead Manor, Bristol.

Photo by Richard Paterson.

Photographed at Romsey Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

C. C. P. Pocklington

Believed to have been made in Pocklington, near York at the Burnby Lane works.  Thanks to Andrew Boyce for the photo, further info on the Pocklington brick industry can be read here.

Central, Whittlesea

Whittlesea was an important brick making area east of Peterborough.  The Central Brickworks Whittlesea was acquired by the National Coal Board in 1966.  It was sold in 1973 to the London Brick Co by N. C. B. Ancillaries.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Cestrian, Chester

Photographed in Corris, Powys.

A brick stamp from the Cestrian Brick Co. Saltney, Chester.


CHADDS N,  this brickworks is recorded at the end of Walpole Street, just off Nottingham Road in Chaddesden, Derby on the 1901 Ordnance Survey map.  Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.


William Chadwick, Cricket (Inn) Road, Sheffield.  White's Sheffield Directory 1862. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Chadwick Barker & Co.

Front and back shown.  Chadwick Barker & Co., Totley Moor, Sheffield. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

George Chadwick & Co.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, made in Totley near Sheffield and found in Baslow.


 This is a modern brick made by Chailey in Sussex, now owned by Ibstock. The company is 300 years old and a video showing the history of the works and the production of clamp fired bricks can be seen here: http://www.ibstock.com/chailey/   Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell. 


Photo by Richard Symonds

Challans, Grantham

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Barkston near Grantham.

Chamber Colliery, Hollinwood

This brick was manufactured by the Chamber Colliery Limited, which operated a coal mine in the Hollinwood area of Oldham from the late 1850s. The company added a 16-chamber Hoffmann-type continuous brick kiln to the colliery site during the 1880s. It is uncertain when the company ceased manufacturing bricks, although the kiln is marked 'disused' on the Ordnance Survey map of 1922. The brick was discovered on the site of the brickworks during its redevelopment. Photo and information by Ian Miller.

Chamberlain Barnsley

 H & F Chamberlain, Dodworth Road, Barnsley. Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

John Chambers

Salvaged from a Victorian house at Green Hammerton, so a possible maker could be John Chambers, Littlethorpe, Ripon or his successor Mrs J Chambers & sons, listed in trade directories 1867 - 1881, info and image PRBCO

Chance, Stourbridge

Chance & Co. operated the Oak Farm Fireclay Works, Kingswinford, near Dudley in 1849. The fireclay works had been part of the Oak Farm Iron-works which went into liquidation in 1849 & had been owned by William Gladstone (later Prime Minister) & the Glynne family since 1835.  Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


George Chapman, Park Road, Barnsley.  White's Sheffield District Trades Directory 1879.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

T T Chapman

Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Chapman & Morson

Photo by Mark Cranston, Arthur Brickman adds: Chapman & Morson, Crook Colliery, County Durham.

Henry Chare

After Henry Chare had made his money producing window blinds he purchased the Crown Brickworks at Bordesley Green. This new venture did not last very long & after selling the works to the newly formed Atlas & Crown Brick Co. in 1883 he returned to the furniture trade. Henry is listed in Kelly's 1876 edition at Upper Saltley & at Bordesley Green Road, Saltley in the 1880, these two locations are the same works. Info & Photographed at Four Oaks Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo courtesy of the the Chris Thorburn collection.


A Charlaw brick.  The Charlaw and Sacriston Collieries Co. Ltd ran mines in the Sacriston area of Co. Durham. See this website.  and info by Andrew Gardner.

Charlestown Brick & Tile, Halifax

Found Claremount, Halifax, West Yorks. 2016.  Charlestown Brick & Tile Co. Ltd., Charlestown Road, Halifax, West Yorks.   Kelly,s West Riding Directory 1881: - Charlestown Brick & Tile Co Limited (Frederick Buckley, managing director) ; offices, Charlestown Rd, Halifax.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

T. Charlton & Co.

T. Charlton & Co owned a number of mines around Bitchburn. This one was found near coke ovens at East Howle in County Durham.  Thanks to Paul Harman for the information and photo.


Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.

Chellaston near Derby 

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.

Chellaston Minerals, Derby produced bricks from 1928 to 1978. Originally the company quarried alabaster and when good quality alabaster started to be in short supply, the company turned to producing bricks as the clay which had been a waste product was put to good use. Bricks were in great demand during both World Wars, especially the Second as the company had to keep a sufficient stock of bricks to rebuild Rolls Royce in case of major damage by enemy bombs. Info and photo by Martyn Fretwell. Brick from the Phil Sparham Collection.


Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

See also Battledown Brick Co Ld

Robert Chenery

 Robert Chenery of Sturston near Diss, Norfolk is listed in Whites 1883 & 1890 editions as brickmaker at Victoria Road, Diss. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Cherry Orchard

The works became the Cherry Orchard brickworks possibly as early as mid-1889, and it became Kenilworth's last brickworks, closing in 1977.  Date of this brick uncertain, but it came from a building put up in the late 19th century.  Thanks to Robin Leach for the photo and info.

Robin writes: frustratingly, I have yet to find the years that the works operated under this fuller title, nor did I record where I got the brick from.  The pit at the works was in use as a tip even in pre WW1 days and since closure became a full scale pit-filling operation. Today, with the pit filled and grassed over, it is a 're-cycling centre' and all the rubbish is taken from there to elsewhere.

Simon Patterson photographed this one at Avoncroft Museum

Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.

Front and back of a Cherry Orchard brick, the back showing their London Address as 171, Queen Victoria Street.  Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

Cheshire Brick Co.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. 

The Cheshire Brick Co works was situated at Middlewood between Hazel Grove and High Lane. Production began as the Middlewood Brick Co in the 1920s and ended in the early 1960s.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.

Chester Brick Co. (Chester Le Street)

Photo by Mark Cranston.  Arthur Brickman adds: Knowing the find location, (within a stones throw of a number of post-war Council built estates here on Tyneside), I suspect this is the Chester Brick Company, (as in Chester-le-Street), Plawsworth, Co. Durham, established in 1953. A calcium-silicate brick, formed by mixing various grades of sand with hydrated lime, before adding colouring dyes and baking in an autoclave - I believe this shade was known as 'Cumberland Stone'.

Chillingworth, Kidderminster

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Chilton, Suffolk

There are two options for the maker of this brick. First, John Fison Wiseman is listed in Kelly's 1875 & 79 editions at the Chilton Brickworks, Chilton, Sudbury. The second is Edward Charles Gibbons who listed in Kelly's 1900 edition & then the entry for the works is Mrs. Mary Price Gibbons in Kelly's 1912 & 16 editions. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Chinchen, Poole

 John Albert Chinchen is listed at the Gravel Hill Brickworks, Canford Magna, Wimborne in Kelly's 1889 to 1903 editions. The next entries in the 1907 to 1920 editions lists John at Beecroft, Church Road, Broadstone, Wimborne. Today the former Gravel Hill Brickworks site located next to the A349 is covered in trees & forms part of Delph Wood.  Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Isaac Chippendale & Son 

The works was at Scholes, some 8Km north east of Leeds and operated from 1880 to c1930, info and image by Sue Wright.

Found in East Keswick near Leeds by David Soulsby.

Christy, Chelmsford

J. Christy, New Writtle Street & Broomfield, Chelmsford is listed as brickmaker in Kellys 1855 edition. The entry in Kellys 1862 & 1867 editions is J. Christy & Son, Brownings, Broomfield & at New Writtle Street, Chelmsford. The 1871 entry is for Fell Christy (son), New Writtle Street & at Broomfield, Chelmsford. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Churwell - (A Rodgers)

Churwell Brick Co., Leeds. Site operated by Fitton Bros. in 1904, as Churwell Brick Company 1938 and by A. Rodgers in 1956. Site cleared c2000. Image PRBCO.


Made at Chytane Brickworks, near Summercourt SW913561. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

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